The Laboratory of Parallel and Distributed Systems of MTA SZTAKI Computer and Automation Research Institute plays a leading role in the research of cluster and grid technologies in Hungary.
MTA SZTAKI has significant experience in doing research and providing infrastructure services in the filed of service grids. MTA SZTAKI was a member of the European DataGrid project and was leader of the Grid Monitoring workpackage of the European GridLab project and the Automatic performance Analysis and Grid Computing WP of the European APART-2 project. MTA SZTAKI participated in the EGEE project as the Central-European Regional Training Centre of EGEE and contributed to the NA4, NA2 and SA1 WPs. It led the Grid Middleware WP of the SEE-GRID project. Currently, LPDS is a partner in the EGEE-II, SEE-GRID-2, ICEAGE and CoreGrid FP6 projects. It was also member in the GridCoord projects.
MTA SZTAKI plays a leading role in Grid Computing in Hungary. MTA SZTAKI participated in the vast majority of Hungarian Grid projects (DemoGrid, ClusterGrid, SuperGrid, Chemistry Grid, Hungarian Grid, SuperClusterGrid, etc.) and led several of them. MTA SZTAKI is a funding member of the MGKK (Hungarian Grid Competence Centre) consortium (http://www.mgkk.hu/), established in 2003 in order to coordinate Grid activities in Hungary.
Stichting AlmereGrid - Foundation AlmereGrid operates the first City Grid in the world. Currently it operates a service that enables citizens, SMEs and other organizations to donate unused computing cycles to scientific programmes. As the world's first, it especially addresses "early majority" people and organizations.
Many companies have signed a partner agreement with AlmereGrid. They contribute resources, such as systems, software or services, and participate in the developments. AlmereGrid partners include: SARA, Oracle, Rabobank, IBM, NWO/NCF, LogicaCMG, ALCA, Foundry, ALCA, Engage Technology.
AlmereGrid is working on a test for a Grid based back-up for SME's. Part of an SME's hard disk will be used by back-up for other SME's. Just as with more traditional Grids, security is paramount in this type of resource sharing. The test is part of a European IST project BEinGRID, Business Experiments in Grids.
Another innovative use of the City Grid that is in the planning phase, is to provide a "Grid based building assistent" for people who want to build their own home (about 25.000 in the coming years).
Cardiff University (CU) is a publicly funded university that has a strong research programme in the areas related to EDGI, such as Peer-to-Peer (P2P) networking, and data analysis. The Distributed Collaborative Computing Research Group (Taylor) specialises in the use of distributed computing technologies for supporting collaboration. This includes the sharing and reuse of middleware and applications, the collaborative exploration of large data sets through visualisation, and problem-solving environments/portals for interfacing with distributed and collaborative resources. The group's research is both in the areas of P2P and Grid computing, with expertise in the use of the Grid in e-Science, with particular focus on specifying distributed scientific applications through P2P networks and the composition of Web services.
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) is the main French research organisation and the largest in Europe, covering all scientific fields, from fundamental sciences to humanities. CNRS is one of the "founding fathers" of the Grid effort in Europe, having been associated with EU DataGrid and all EGEE programs, DEISA, COREGRID, etc.
The Institut des Grilles (IDG) of the CNRS was created on September 2007 to federate the French CNRS contributions to Grids deployment and Grids research, to reinforce interaction between computing science research and production infrastructures and to represent the CNRS in European projects. IDG offers to the users and to the scientific communities, an easy and transparent access to very powerful resources distributed on tens of sites. More than 15 CNRS laboratories from four scientific departments and two national institutes (IN2P3 and INSU) take part in the IDG.
INRIA, Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique, the national institute for research in computer science and control, operating under the joint authority of the Ministries of Research and of Industry, is dedicated to fundamental and applied research in information and communication science and technology (ICST).
The Institute also plays a major role in technology transfer by fostering training through research, diffusion of scientific and technical information, development, as well as providing expert advice and participating in international programs. By playing a leading role in the scientific community in the field and being in close contact with industry, INRIA is a major participant in the development of ICST in France.
Throughout its six research units located in seven major regions, INRIA has a workforce of 3,200 persons, 2,400 of whom are scientists from INRIA or from INRIA's partner organizations such as CNRS (the French National Centre for Scientific Research), universities and leading engineering schools. They work in 120 joint research projects-teams. Many INRIA researchers are also professors who supervise around 800 doctoral students, their theses work contributing to INRIA research projects.
The University of Coimbra in Portugal is one of the oldest in Europe, having been founded in 1290. It has nearly 20.000 students, of which 9.000 are in the Faculty of Science and Technology (FCTUC). FCTUC is represented in the project by the Software and Systems Engineering (SSE) group, which is part of the Centre for Informatics and Systems of the University of Coimbra (CISUC). One of the main areas of activity of SSE has been the development of tools for parallel programming, mainly programming support libraries, like the porting of PVM and MPI for Windows 32-bit, and portable libraries for specific paradigms of parallel programming, like master- slave, GRID-decomposition, DSM and Linda. The implementation of MPI for Windows was the world first and is now a full fledged commercial offering from Critical Software. In FP7, the SSE group has participated in the EDGeS project - "Enabling Desktop Grids for e-Science" (Contract Nbr. RI-211727), where it was responsible for the Monitoring and benchmarking activities.
The Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) is the physics institute of the University of Copenhagen - the largest university in Denmark. The NBI is involved in many areas of physics and related sciences and has been active in Grid computing since the year 2000 where the high energy physics group joined the CERN led European Data Grid. The NBI is one of the founding partners of NorduGrid and actively involved in ARC development. More recently, the NBI has participated in the EU funded projects EGEE, EGEE2 and KnowARC. Currently, the NBI is carrying out research on the application of virtualization technologies in scientific computing in connection with the national Grid initiative.
University of Paderborn will bring in expertise acquired at the Paderborn Centre for Parallel Computing (PC2), which was founded in 1991 as an interdisciplinary institute at UPB. Since then, PC2 has become a well known competence centre for parallel and distributed computing. In 1996, PC2 was co-founder of the meta-computing initiative and brought this expertise into the application-driven EC projects PHASE (ESPRIT-23486), MICA (ESPRIT-20966), and DYNAMITE (ESPRIT- 23499). Furthermore, PC2 became part of the large UNICORE and UNICORE plus projects funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). PC2 participated in the European research projects GRIDLAB (IST-2001-32133), UP-TV (ISF1999-20751), HPC4U (IST-
511531, technical manager), DELIS (IST-001907), and Assess Grid (IST-031772) and in the Collaborative Research Centre "Massive Parallelism" supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG). Currently, PC2 is partner in the EU projects HYDRA (IST-034891) and ONELAB2 (IST-224263) and is coordinator of the FP 7 Marie Curie Initial Training School (MCITN) SCALUS.
The University of Westminster's Centre for Parallel Computing (CPC) is focused on research and application of distributed and parallel computation technologies. CPC is engaged in research on Grid computing including its Web services-oriented approach based on OGSA/WSRF platforms. CPC was involved in the "OGSI Testbed" e-Science project to evaluate the OGSI platform and its GT3 implementation on a UK multi-site testbed. Within the framework of the project the research team developed the Grid Execution Management for Legacy Code Applications (GEMLCA). GEMLCA supports migrating legacy code applications to the Grid using legacy code as Grid compliant Grid service. Users can either access pre-defined Grid services through a Grid portal or dynamically create and deploy new Grid services.
The current research activities of CPC cover both computational and desktop Grid, for example: automatic service deployment, Grid registries and repositories, interoperability in Grid computing, service-oriented approach in desktop Grids, performance management, workflow design and its execution in Grid, development of Grid user environments to support both design and execution of Grid-based applications. CPC has installed and runs a BOINC-based Westminster desktop Grid in 2006 using 500 computers as workers. The desktop Grid has 35 registered users and runs the DSP sampling frequency calculation project. Currently, we are working on migrating two projects – health service data mining and image rendering- to the desktop Grid.
BIFI leads Ibercivis project, a volunteer computing and dissemination initiative with more than 2000 CPUs connected everyday from all over the world. Since the public announcement in June 2008, Ibercivis has achieved more than 15.000 volunteer working for the scientific applications running in this project. This project has deployed several developments oriented to the improved usage of the resources from the point of view of the scientific users. As a result, eight different applications are running concurrently at this moment in the infrastructure from several scientific communities like Fusion, Protein Docking, Complex Materials, etc.
This project represents also a successful effort in science dissemination because all the machines connected (up to 10.000 cores connected daily from a total of 60.000 cores available) are machines located in the home of the volunteers as no private, corporative or public computer networks are involved yet.